Ahmet Karaman

Keywords: Forward elements, inscriptions of the Mountainous Altai Republic, vocabulary, etymology, Old Turkic inscriptions and manuscripts, Old Turkic inscriptions and manuscripts


Mountainous Altai inscriptions contain some differences from other inscriptions and manuscripts in which the old Turkic script was used. Typeface variations, grammatical structures, semantic connotations and the words in context used in these inscriptions are some of the elements that make up these differences. Besides their differences, old Turkic inscriptions and manuscripts have common elements. In the context of these parities, the examination of the inscriptions of Mountainous Altai in terms of vocabulary contributes to the understanding of these inscriptions. At this point, determining the root forms of some derived words is an important issue. The authors of the inscriptions were aware of the root forms of the words in which they used their derivatives. Derived forms without the root forms in the context and structures are called forward element. In this article, forward elements seen in the Mountainous Altai inscriptions will be determined. This will also contribute to the determination of the parities and connections of the Mountainous Altai inscriptions in terms of vocabulary with other inscriptions and manuscripts. The determination of root forms has an important place in understanding the richness of the Mountainous Altai inscriptions in terms of vocabulary. In the study, the structures determined as derived forms will be analysed structurally and semantically until reaching the root form. This study will also contribute to the understanding of word derivation, semantic dimensions of words, phonetic changes and developments in inscriptions and manuscripts, and the dialectal differences of the Turkic language of that period. In addition, deep etymological explanations of the mentioned words will be made.