Ahmet Turan DOĞAN

Harran Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü https://ror.org/057qfs197

Keywords: Eastern Turkish, Western Turkish, Old Anatolian Turkish, widespreading


In Turkish language research, the distinction between Western and Eastern Turkish was first used for Bulgarian and other Turkish dialects, but later it began to be used for Oghuz and other Turkish dialects (except Chuvash). Such a naming was made because it is more clearly seen that the Oghuzs, who established a written language in Anatolia in the 13th century, differ from Eastern Turkish in terms of some phonetic, morphological and vocabulary features. In this framework, the Eastern and Western Turkish features of mixed dialect texts written in the early periods of Old Anatolian Turkish have made it difficult for researchers to make an interpretation about these texts. The differences between two different dialect groups were revealed based on Eastern and Western Turkish texts in the years between 13th and 15th centuries. Many studies on Oghuz glossemes were conducted within this framework. However, by making a reverse evaluation, some glossemes existing in Old Anatolian Turkish, disappearing over time and not being included in Turkish have not been discussed much. In this study, the use of phonetic, morphological and vocabulary glossemes, which are a tendency in Oghuz dialect but become widespread in Eastern Turkish texts, was examined in Old Anatolian Turkish through the text “Kitâbu Evsâfı Mesâcidi’ş-Şerîfe”. In thisstudy, it wasseen thatsome glossemes in Old Anatolian Turkish constituting the first written period of Oghuz language became widespread in Eastern Turkish, and over time, their traces largely disappeared both in the written language of Anatolia and other Oghuz written languages.

Ethics Committee Approval

Ethical committee approval is not required for this research.

Conflict of Interest

The author declares no conflicts of interest in this study.

Financial Disclosure

This research received no external funding.