Özgür AY1, Kübra DURAN ŞAFAK2

1Uşak Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Çağdaş Türk Lehçeleri ve Edebiyatları Bölümü
2Uşak Üniversitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü

Keywords: Dede Korkut, Günbed manuscript, conjunction groups, syntax.


Old Anatolian Turkish, also called Oghuz Turkish or Western Turkish, started to be seen in Anatolia and Azerbaijan geographies with its written texts from the 13th century. Dede Korkut Stories, which have been transmitted from language to language throughout history, have been one of the most important factors in making Oghuz Turkish the written language in Anatolia. At the end of 2018, a manuscript containing two new narratives was added to these stories, the oldest known epic stories of the Oghuz Turks, and the number of epic stories in Dede Korkut increased from 12 to 14. The 31-leaf manuscript found in the Turkmen Sahra region of Iran was introduced as the “Günbed manuscript” in 2019. Özçelik’s work, published in 2021, has been the source of this study since it is the last work published on the Günbed manuscript and the deficiencies in previous works are also completed. In the study, all of the conjunction groups in the Günbed manuscript were identified and these groups were examined in terms of structure, variety and their functions in the sentence. Conjunction groups, 42 examples of which are found in the work, are formed with the conjunctions «ve, ile, degül, eger». The most common of these are the conjunction groups formed with the conjunction «ile» and «ilen». Not just with words; it has been observed that conjunction groups are formed with various word groups such as noun clause, adjective clause, and they are mostly used as subject in syntax.

Ethics Committee Approval

Ethical committee approval is not required for this research.

Author Contributions

Özgür Ay: Data Analysis, Writing up, Submission and Revision. Kübra Duran Şafak: Conceiving the Study, Data Collection.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in this study

Financial Disclosure

This research received no external funding.